The Colosseum is the largest amphitheater in the ancient world and is located in the city center of Rome. In imperial times its capacity was 75,000 spectators. Since 1980 it was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and in 2007 the complex was also included among the New Seven Wonders of the World.
Construction began in 72 A.D. and it was inaugurated by the Emperor Titus in 80 A.D.
The name “Colosseo” is widespread in the Middle Ages and is derived from the Latin adjective “Colosseum”.
In ancient times the Colosseum was used for gladiator shows and other public events (hunting shows, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on classical mythology). By the sixth century the huge structure was reused over the centuries as a fortress and also like material quarry.
Today it is a symbol of the city of Rome and one of its major tourist attractions.